2. Materials structure physics
In the Department of Materials Structure Science, we are investigating the static structure of materials by means of precise X-ray crystal structural analysis, resonant X-ray scattering, magnetic X-ray scattering, and X-ray imaging. In addition, we are studying the dynamic structure of materials via a pump-and-probe experiment that uses a synchrotron radiation pulse. Our research has expanded from fundamental high-pressure properties to Earth and planetary science by a combination of high-pressure X-ray measurements. In addition to our research, we are optimizing beamlines and experimental devices to promote our research and are developing research methods that use the next-generation light source.
[Main research projects]
Elucidation of the mechanism of property expression using accurate structural analysis
We are studying how the arrangement of atoms, ions, and molecules in crystals contributes to property expression. In addition, we are studying the relationship between changes in the crystal structure and the physical properties of crystals when external perturbation, such as temperature, electric field, pressure, or photoirradiation, is added.
- We discovered a new type of magnetic ordered phase in iron-based superconductors.
- We found the vitreous state of electrons.
- We demonstrated a new principle in the expression of electric polarization by using an organic ferroelectric.
- We created a new technique of film-making by coating a semiconductor onto a surface that strongly sheds liquid.
Novel ordered phases as a stage of interesting physical properties
In materials science, novel ordered phases related to new physical properties are often found. Such phases are not only interesting as fundamental physics but are very important to understand the origin of physical property.
- To elucidate the existence of the “intermediate spin state” in cobalt oxides
- To fabricate new magnetic materials by controlling lattice strain with thinning
Study of physical properties under extreme conditions from high-pressure X-ray composite measurements and the inner structure of the Earth and planets
Using X-ray diffraction and composite measurements from a combination of absorption spectroscopy, transmission imaging, and Mössbauer scattering, we are studying extraordinary crystal structures and physical properties under extreme conditions created by using a very high-pressure apparatus, a cryogenic device, and a laser-heating device. The aim of these wide-ranging studies is:
- To elucidate various structures of gas hydrates
- To elucidate structure of silica glass deep in the Earth
- To study inner structures of Jupiter and Pluto, which are made of water and gas
- To elucidate structure and viscosity of magma in the Earth
- To elucidate driving mechanism of mantle convection
- To study behavior of iron in the Earth’s core and lower mantle
- To study ultrahigh temperature and high-pressure synthesis of functional materials such as oxide superconductors and metal nitrides
- To study the structural stability of basic elements and compounds under ultrahigh pressure
Materials science explored by X-ray imaging
We are developing various imaging systems to perform highly sensitive and highly accurate non destructive observations of the inner structures of electronic materials such as electronic devices. We hope to improve the performance of electronic devices by elucidating defects and strain fields in a sample by means of imaging. We are also developing an X-ray imaging method that can identify elements with high sensitivity.
Capturing photoinduced modifications in the structure and electronic state by a molecular movie
We are researching photoinduced modifications in the structure and electronic state by a molecular movie in optical functional materials, artificial photosynthesis systems, photocatalysts, and photoreactive proteins, and we are studying the mechanisms of the generation of those optical functions. We hope to develop new light energy conversion materials and ultrafast switching devices.
|NAKAO, Hironori||Assoc.Professor||Condensed matter|
|KUMAI, Reiji||Professor||Condensed matter|
|MURAKAMI, Youichi||Professor||Condensed matter|
|KAWATA, Hiroshi||Professor||Condensed matter|
|ADACHI, Shinichi||Professor||Structural biology|
|ZHANG, Xiao-Wei||Professor||X-ray optics|
|KISHIMOTO, Shunji||Assoc.Professor||X-ray detector|
|HIRANO, Keiichi||Assoc.Professor||X-ray imaging|
|NOZAWA, Shunsuke||Assoc.Professor||Ultrafast Structural dynamics|
|KIKEGAWA, Takumi||Assoc.Professor||High pressure physics|
|SAGAYAMA, Hajime||Assoc.Professor||Condensed matter|
|IWANO, Kaoru||Assoc.Professor||Theory on condensed matter|
|SUGIYAMA, Hiroshi||Assistant Prof.||X-ray imaging|
|SAITO, Kotaro||Assistant Prof.|
|KOBAYASHI, Kensuke||Assistant Prof.|
[Beamlines in charge]
X-ray crystal structure analysis/apparatus under extreaml conditions
BL-8A, BL-8B, BL-7C
High precision powder diffraction
X-ray diffraction/scattering/detector development
X-ray diffraction experimental station
BL-3A, BL-4C, BL-6C, BL-18B
White X-ray magnetic diffraction experiments/X-ray optics
High pressure X-ray diffraction stations
BL-18C, AR-NE1A, AR-NE5C, AR-NE7A
A time-resolved X-ray station
BL-3C, BL-7C, BL-14B, BL-20B, AR-NE7A
Condensed Matter Research Center http://cmrc.kek.jp/english/index_eng.html
Instrument R&D Team http://pfwww.kek.jp/KeisokuSystem/(Japanese only)